MOTOR LEARNING PROGRAM (MRP);Theoretical framework
1. Dynamic system theory & CNS plasticity
A principle of dynamic system theory, is that organism demonstrate an inherent capacity to self organize throughout life (Perry, 1998). Plasticity (Kolb, 1995) is a capacity to reorganize after disruption & to adapt to functional demands. Although a damaged tissue does not structurally regenerate, plasticity in the mammalian CNS has been well documented.
Carr & shepherd assume that therapeutic challenges have the potential to influence how a person’s neuromuscular system will reorganize itself after injury to the CNS. Furthermore they recognized that those voluntary movements are initiated by functional task goals (Jeanne rod, 1990; Willingham, 1995) and are influenced by the special and force characteristics of the objects (Mathiowetz & Wade1995; Trebly &Wu, 1999). Therefore, functional task demands are used instead of exercises to provide graded motor challenges.